History & Archaeology of the Three Jerusalems

History & Archaeology





The city of God, the holy place where the Most High dwells” (Ps 46:5)

Beautiful in its loftiness, the joy of the whole earth...city of the Great King ” (Ps 48:3)

Jerusalem’s gold colored walls and sun-bathed buildings stand on ancient foundations, some visible, others not. Her teeming markets and polished pavements conceal three older cities: Ursalem al-Quds, Hierosolymitana, and Yerushalayim. Three cities of three faiths, braided together tightly in time and history by memory and imagination. What happened in each Jerusalem? How did each city express its own distinctive character and flavor? How did it look? How did it feel? What does archaeology teach us?

Please join us as Mr. Fred Simmons, Esq., author of the soon to be released Holy Moses! Could a Newly Discovered Ancient Hebrew Scroll Challenge the Book of Exodus?, introduces our program with his irrepressible wit and humor and Dr. Ziony Zevit, AJU Distinguished Professor of Bible and Semitic Languages and Seymour Gitin Distinguished Professor at the W. F. Albright Institute of Archaeological Research, Jerusalem, introduces our teachers and summarizes what we have learned at Dr. Ziony Zevit the end of the day.

Carol Dr. Carol Bakhos, Professor of Late Antique Judaism and Director of the Center for the Study of Religion at UCLA
The Idea of Jerusalem in the Hearts of Those Who Call Out “Lord” or “Allah” or “Adonai”
The religious imagination of Jews, Christians, and Muslims consider Jerusalem important, but each community treats the city differently. We will trace its significance for each religion throughout history, and explain what makes Jerusalem one of the most religiously potent cities in the world.

simon Dr. Shimon Gibson, Professor of Archaeology, University of North Carolina at Charlotte, and Head of the Archaeology Department, University of the Holy Land, Jerusalem.
Christian Jerusalem: From Constantine the Great in the 4th Century to Emperor Heraclius in the 7th Century Christian Jerusalem continues the pagan, Roman city of Aelia Capitolina but expands it, focusing on the Church of the Holy Sepulcher, the place of the crucifixion and burial of Jesus. Archaeology enables us to tour fortifications, streets, key churches, and the other public and domestic buildings that defined the character of the Christian city.
Jerusalem under the Moslems: from Caliph Omar to Saladin
Archaeological excavations in Jerusalem illuminate changes that Muslim rulers made in the city. Their focus was centered on the Dome of the Rock and the Aqsa Mosque, both situated on the Temple Mount. This presentation explores schools, courts, bathhouses, and other public buildings, and attempts to shed light on domestic life in the city during the Islamic periods.

gabriel Dr. Gabriel Barkay, Professor of Archaeology, Bar Ilan University, Director of the ongoing Israel Exploration Society Sifting Project from the Temple Mount area.
When the Second Temple Stood
Hillel, Jesus, and Yohanan ben Zakkai knew the streets and buildings of Jerusalem in the century
before its destruction by Rome. Painstaking excavation in Jerusalem during the last half-century enables us to see some of what they saw and to understand aspects of day-to-day life in the city in the days when sacrifices were still offered on the Temple Mount.
The Footprints of Kings in Jerusalem
Since the nineteenth century, archaeologists have been excavating the Jerusalem of David, Solomon, Hezekiah, and Zedekiah both inside and outside of the walls of the "Old City." What have they found and what do they claim? How much of what is claimed is true? When pieces of the puzzle are combined, what is the big picture that emerges?